Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2010)                   jdc 2010, 1(4): 179-186 | Back to browse issues page

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Safizade H, Shamsi-Meymandi S, Bani-Hashemi Y. Quality of life in women with melasma. jdc. 2010; 1 (4) :179-186
URL: http://jdc.tums.ac.ir/article-1-45-en.html
Abstract:   (8408 Views)

Background and Aim: Melasma is an acquired symmetrical brown hyperpigmentation of the face or neck. Melasma has been shown to have a significant emotional and psychologic distress on affected patients. Although this pigmentary disorder is more prevalent among women of reproductive age, the effect of melasma on quality of life in this population is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate health-related quality of life in patients with melasma attending to dermatology clinics in Kerman city, Iran.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out by clinical examination and questionnaire on 200 patients with melasma. Melasma area and severity index (MASI), Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and Melasma Quality of Life Scale (MELASQOL) were used to assess melasma severity and quality of life.
Results: There were 200 women with mean age 31.86±6.42 years old (range: 18-55 years). The mean score of DLQI and MELASQOL were 6.90±4.48 and 40.24±14.95, respectively. In 113 (56.5%) patients, melasma had very large effect on their quality of life. There was a significant correlation between the scores of quality of life questionnaires and MASI (P<0.001). In DLQI scale the most frequent impairment was related to emotional well-being and based on MELASQOL questionnaire, embarrassment due to skin appearance had an important impact on quality of life.
Conclusion: This study revealed that physicians must consider the devastating psychosocial impact of pigmentary imperfections in addition to pharmacological and physical treatment.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2010/08/26 | Accepted: 2010/11/27 | Published: 2013/07/16

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