Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2010)                   jdc 2010, 1(4): 162-171 | Back to browse issues page

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Khaheshi I, Keshavarz S, Shohrati M, Imani A F, Nourani M. TGF-β1 gene expression in skin lesions and correlation with pruritus in mustard gas exposed victims. jdc. 2010; 1 (4) :162-171
URL: http://jdc.tums.ac.ir/article-1-43-en.html
Abstract:   (7229 Views)

Background and Aim: As a blistering agent, mustard gas causes a variety of disorders in different body organs, including the skin, such as altrations in DNA and clinical manifestations like pruritus. TGF-β1 molecule is a cytokine with anti-cell growth and inflammation suppression effects in skin inflammation. The aim of this study was to determine TGF-β1 gene exprtession in victims exposed to mustard gas and the correlation with the severity of their pruritus.
Methods: 17 victims exposed to mustard gas, 17 patients with chronic contact dermatitis and 10 healthy individuals were included in the study. The assessment of TGF-β1 expression in their skin samples was conducted by semi-quantitative RT-PCR followed by immunohistochemistry and classification of patients was done by pruritus severity scoring system (0-3).
Results: There was a significant decrease in TGF-β1 gene expression in mustard gas exposed victims comparing to chronic contact dermatitis group and the control group (P<0.05). In addition, in the absence of TGF-β1 expression, the severity of pruritus in the patient group significantly increased (P<0.05).
Conclusion: TGF-β1 has a significant role in chronic inflammatory skin lesions caused by mustard gas.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2010/09/18 | Accepted: 2010/11/29 | Published: 2013/07/16

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