Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2013)                   jdc 2013, 4(1): 19-26 | Back to browse issues page

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Banihashemi M, Nahidi Y, Yazdanpanah M, Esmaeeli H A - O -, Khatibzadeh S. Efficacy of mycophenolate mofetil in the treatment of patients with recalcitrant pemphigus vulgaris. jdc 2013; 4 (1) :19-26
URL: http://jdc.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5023-en.html
1- Department of Dermatology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2- Department of Dermatology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. , nahidiy@mums.ac.ir
3- Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (21715 Views)
Background and Aim: Pemphigus is one of the most common types of autoimmune blistering disease that requires systemic immunosuppressive therapy. Immunosuppressive therapy has improved the disease outcome in recent decades, but long-term use of them has side effects. Recently, it has been tried to evaluate immunosuppressive drugs with less side effects. One of them is mycophenolate mofetil. The aim of this study was to evaluate of therapeutic efficacy of this drug in the patients with refractory pemphigus vulgaris.
Methods: Three hundred files of patients with pemphigus vulgaris were reviewed and among them 28 patients who had received mycophenolate mofetil due to resistance to treatment were entered to this study. The data were obtained from patients’ files and were analyzed using Kendall's tau-c correlation, Mann-Whitney and ANOVA tests.
Results: Male to female ratio was 1.8:1 with an average age of 43.3±13.6 year. Twenty-eight cases of pemphigus vulgaris were treated receiving 2gr/day mycophenolate mofetil + 1mg/kg/day prednisolone. Remission occurred after 3 months. Seventeen patients (10 men and 7 women) had complete remission. There was no significant association between gender and treatment response (P=0.58). There was no significant association between mean age of treated patients and untreated patients with treatment response (P=0.77). Also, there was no significant association between severity of mucosal (P=0.80) and severity of skin involvement with treatment response (P=0.80). Ten patients who received mycophenolate mofetil more than 12 months had treatment response to mycophenolate mofetil and they did not have any relapse in the follow up period.
Conclusion: Mycophenolate mofetil is effective and safe as an adjuvant therapy in patients with pemphigus vulgaris especially in refractory pemphigus. Initiation of the therapeutic effect is slow.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2013/02/4 | Accepted: 2013/03/14 | Published: 2013/07/6

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