Volume 1, Issue 3 (9-2010)                   jdc 2010, 1(3): 119-124 | Back to browse issues page

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Akbari D, Hosseinpour N. Etiological diagnosis of hirsutism in premenopausal Iranian women. jdc. 2010; 1 (3) :119-124
URL: http://jdc.tums.ac.ir/article-1-52-en.html
Abstract:   (7674 Views)

Background and Aim: Hirsutism is defined as the presence of terminal hairs in androgen dependent areas in women. It is a common clinical condition and affects 5% to 10% of women of reproductive age. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical features and etiologic factors of hirsutism in premenopausal women.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 200 premenopausal women with hirsutism who were admitted at our dermatologic clinic during a 2-year period were nivestigated. After a careful history and physical examination, a transabdominal ultrasonography of the ovaries and laboratory evaluation including early morning total testosterone, prolactin, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and 17-hydroxyprogestron in all patients and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in 10 patients were performed.
Results: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) was the most common cause of the hirsutism (54.5%) followed by idiopathic hirsutism (40%). Other causes of hirsutism were prolactinoma (2%), hypothyroidism (1%) and drugs intake (2.5%). Hirsutism was mild in 109 patients (54.5%), moderate in 85 patients (42.5%) and severe in 6 patients (3%). Family history of hirsutism was present in 105 (52.5%) patients. Clinical conditions associated with hirsutism were: acne (52.5%), menstrual irregularity (35%), androgenetic alopecia (15%), acanthosis negricans (7.5%) and obesity (37.5%).
Conclusion: PCOS and idiopathic hirsutism are the most common cause of the hirsutism in premenopausal women. A detailed history and physical exam often provide enough information to determine the etiology of hirsutism.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2010/07/26 | Accepted: 2010/10/3 | Published: 2013/07/16

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