Volume 8, Issue 2 (Volume 8, Number 2 2017)                   jdc 2017, 8(2): 90-99 | Back to browse issues page

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Emdadi S, Bijari S, Rostami F, Bagheri Sahamishoar Z, Barati M, Farhadian M. Relationship between body image and self-efficacy in female students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. jdc. 2017; 8 (2) :90-99
URL: http://jdc.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5254-en.html
1- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- Students Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran; Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse and Department of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , Barati@umsha.ac.ir
4- Modeling of Non-communicable Disease Research Center and Department of Biostatistics, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Abstract:   (1172 Views)

Background and Aim: Body image is one of the main factors of self efficacy. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between body image and self-efficacy among female students in Hamadan University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 408 female students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences in 2017 with a stratified sampling method. To gather data, we used Multidimensional Body Self-Relation Questionnaire (MBSRQ) and general self-efficacy questionnaire and recorded demographic variables. Data were analyzed with SPSS-21 software using Pearson correlation and linear regression tests.

Results: The dimensions of body areas satisfaction and illness orientation were evaluated at relatively desirable and moderate levels, respectively. Students' self-efficacy was also estimated at 60.05% of the mean score of the maximum achievable score at the moderate level. The results of regression analysis showed that the dimensions of the illness orientation, overweight preoccupation, fitness orientation, self-classified weight and appearance evaluation predicted the self-efficacy among the female students. In total, different dimensions of body image explained 14.1% of the variance of self-efficacy.

Conclusion: We suggest providing training packages about body image dimensions improvement to enhance the self-efficacy of university female students.

Full-Text [PDF 343 kb]   (228 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/10/25 | Accepted: 2017/10/25 | Published: 2017/10/25

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